lunedì 9 febbraio 2015

India Pale Lager ?!?

Everybody loves american hops. Too much. There is an APA, IPA, blackipa, whiteipa invasion...everything can be IPAzed. Every microbrewery is putting tons of Cascade, Citra, Amarillo; mainly for Dry-hopping. Cool, you have a fresh, fruity, zesty beer: the problem is that my beer tastes like soda or Fanta, lousy body, malt not detectable. And with those beers I have the awkward sensation as when I was a child, drinking the Baby Orange Aspirin.

Personally, I deleted Dry-hopping from techincs I use: the fruity and aromatic effects just last one month, the hoppy aromas disappear; and on the other side the risks of infetions are too high. First wort hopping, is much better and reach comparable results, if combined with a giant dose (3-4 g/l) of hops at 20 minutes before the end of the boiling. And again 5 minutes before. And again at the end of boiling. To avoid the Baby-Aspirin effeect, I do a high temperature mash to increase the body, use 10-15% of Cara and Crystal malts and use a one-step decoction: that gives me a really malty and nutty taste, perfect to balance the high hoppines.

Thanks to those brewing adjustments, I get IPAs and APAs with a pleasant zesty taste, stable during months; so I decided to go a step further: low fermentation and lagering. The goal is to get a cleaner taste, to eliminate the bread-like taste given by ale yeasts and emphasize just the malt and the hops, like in a pils. Because if in a pils you can put on top the Saaz flavour, then Cascade and Amarillo will not disappear with lagering.
So, I put lots of hops at the end of the boiling, 40 IBU on 50 total in the last 20 minute (just for 10 IBU in First Wort hopping. Now, the India Pale Lager is lagering, after a primary fermentation with Saflager.

Italian version
Everybody loves american hops. Too much. There is an APA, IPA, blackipa, whiteipa invasion...everything can be IPAzed. Every microbrewery is putting tons of Cascade, Citra, Amarillo; mainly for Dry-hopping. Cool, you have a fresh, fruity, zesty beer: the problem is that my beer tastes like soda or Fanta, lousy body, malt not detectable. And with those beers I have the awkward sensation as when I was a child, drinking the Baby Orange Aspirin.
Personally, I deleted Dry-hopping from techincs I use: the fruity and aromatic effects just last one month, the hoppy aromas disappear; and on the other side the risks of infetions are too high. First wort hopping, is much better and reach comparable results, if combined with a giant dose (3-4 g/l) of hops at 20 minutes before the end of the boiling. And again 5 minutes before. And again at the end of boiling. To avoid the Baby-Aspirin effeect, I do a high temperature mash to increase the body, use 10-15% of Cara and Crystal malts and use a one-step decoction: that gives me a really malty and nutty taste, perfect to balance the high hoppines.
Thanks to those brewing adjustments, I get IPAs and APAs with a pleasant zesty taste, stable during months; so I decided to go a step further: low fermentation and lagering. The goal is to get a cleaner taste, to eliminate the bread-like taste given by ale yeasts and emphasize just the malt and the hops, like in a pils. Because if in a pils you can put on top the Saaz flavour, then Cascade and Amarillo will not disappear with lagering.
So, I put lots of hops at the end of the boiling, 40 IBU on 50 total in the last 20 minute (just for 10 IBU in First Wort hopping. Now, the India Pale Lager is lagering, after a primary fermentation with Saflager.

Italian version

giovedì 5 febbraio 2015

India Pale Lager ?!?!?

I luppoli americani piacciono un pò a tutti: ormai c'è una invasione di APA, IPA, blackipa, whiteipa... Una bella birra dall'aroma fruttato, agrumoso e pompelmoso piace a tutti, e allora giù tonnellate di Cascade, Citra, Amarillo; facciamo un bel Dry-hopping, per dare più freschezza: poi nove volte su dieci ti trovi una birra che sembra fanta, niente corpo, gusto di malto non pervenuto. Anzi, più che fanta, sembra l'aspirina che si da ai bambini, gusto arancia e frizzante.

Per questo nelle mie birre ho abolito il Dry-hopping: l'effetto dura un mesetto, poi l'aroma di luppolo si volatilizza; per questo effetto a breve termine i rischi di infezione nella birra sono troppo alti. Molto meglio un First wort hopping, col luppolo messo prima della bollitura, ed ovviamente una dose gigante (3-4 g/l) a 20 minuti. E poi ancora a 5 minuti. E poi ancora a fine bollitura.
Pe evitare l'effetto Aspirina-all'Arancia, faccio un mash per favorire il corpo, butto una bella dose di malti speciali (10-15% di Cara e Crystal) e vado di decozione a uno step: questo garantisce un bel gusto maltoso e noccioloso che bilancia il fruttato/agrumato/tropicale dei luppoli.

Visto che con questi accorgimenti ottengo delle IPA o APA con il gusto agrumato che si mantiene abbastanza bene nel tempo, ho pensato di fare un salto in più: bassa fermentazione e lagering.
L'obbiettivo è avere un gusto più pulito, eliminare la pastosità data dai lieviti ad alta fermentazione, e far risaltare solamente luppolo e malto. Alla fine, se nelle Pils si riesce a far risaltare il gusto e l'aroma del Saaz, perchè Cascade e Amarillo dovrebbero sparire col lagering? Quindi ne ho messi in abbondanza a fine bollitura, 40 IBU su 50 negli ultimi 20 minuti (e solo 10 IBU del totale in First Wort), poi ho versato il mosto sulla fondazza di Saflager di una bock.
Ora il bidone sta lagerizzando, aiutato dalle temperature di questi giorni.

English

Sabro lager

Sabro lager (Czech Pale Lager) 3.9% 60% efficiency - Batch Volume: 20 L - Boil Time: 30 min OG: 1.038 - IBU (Tinseth): 31 Malts (4.034 kg) 2...